Face Serums: What Are the Advantages?
A face serum may be the solution if you’re seeking for a skin care product that provides a higher concentration of active ingredients than a cleanser or moisturizer.
After cleaning and before moisturizing, a face serum is an excellent choice for nourishing, protecting, and hydrating your skin.
For those of you unfamiliar with face serums, here’s a little primer on what they are and how they might improve your skin.
What is a serum, and what is it used for?
Dr. Tsippora Shainhouse, FAAD, a board-certified dermatologist at SkinSafe Dermatology and Skin Care, noted that “serums are thin-viscosity topical treatments that contain concentrated concentrations of active chemicals.”
For optimal results, a serum is designed to provide a higher concentration of active molecules to the skin’s outer layer. It also takes less time to observe benefits because of the larger concentration.
Many individuals question why they can’t use a moisturizer or face cream instead of a serum on their skin. Research from 2011 Trusted Source recommends utilizing both and layering appropriately.
You use serums first after cleansing your face since they are lighter and deliver active ingredients to the skin more rapidly than heavier lotions.
To get the most out of the serum, you’ll want to follow it up with a moisturizer or face cream.
For skin concerns like discoloration, dullness, fine wrinkles and acne, think of a serum as your hidden weapon, and your moisturizer as your go-to for replenishing lost moisture.
Is there anything more I need to know?
If you utilize the right face serum for the problem you’re trying to solve, there are a slew of advantages to be had.
Let’s take a closer look at some of the main advantages of using this product.
Benefits of a face serum may be summarized as follows:
It is readily absorbed by the skin. Serums are lighter than moisturizers in terms of formulation. The serum is more readily absorbed into your skin because of its lower viscosity. To begin the layering process, a face serum is a great choice.
Calms skin that is prone to irritation. Dr. Melanie Palm, a board-certified dermatologist at Art of Skin, says serums are preferable for those with oily or acne-prone skin because of their lighter formulations.
Wrinkles and fine lines look less noticeable. Retinol, a component included in several face serums, may help diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles..
You may use it to protect your skin from oxidative stress and other harm. UV radiation and pollution may prematurely age and wrinkle the skin, therefore it’s important to use serums that include antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E, ferulic acid, green tea, resveratrol, and astaxanthin.
Possesses the capacity to produce more obvious outcomes. As a consequence of the larger concentration of active ingredients, the benefits may be more noticeable than with other forms of skin care.
You’ll feel like you’re wearing nothing at all on your skin. A face serum doesn’t feel oily or heavy since it immediately dissolves into your skin.
Ingredients and types of facial serums
A skin serum should be chosen with this in mind: there are many different kinds of serums, and particular components to seek for depending on your unique needs.
Face serums may generally be classified as one of the following:
- Serums designed to slow the signs of aging
- Serums that brighten the skin
- The hydrating serums
- Serums that combat free-radical damage
- Serums for acne-prone and irritated skin
- The rapeutic/texture-enhancing serums
Serums for anti-aging
Skin rejuvenation and collagen production are boosted by anti-aging treatments. Retinol and/or bakuchiol are common ingredients in this serum, according to Palm.
The following anti-aging serums are highly recommended:
- Belay™ Always Young Serum
- Wrinkle-Repair Night Moisturizer by Neutrogena
Serums that brighten the skin
Antioxidants and pigment-fighting chemicals are often included in skin-brightening serums.
According to Palm, key constituents might include vitamin C, kojic acid, ferulic acid and other mushroom extracts, as well as licorice root, licorice root extract, and lactic acid.
Skin-brightening serums that we recommend include:
- Revitalift 10% Pure Vitamin C Concentrate by L’Oreal Paris
- Vitamin C Skin Rejuvenating Serum by CeraVe
- A Vitamin C Serum by Mad Hippie
Serums for hydration
Hyaluronic acid, an ingredient in many hydrating serums, is a molecule that physically attaches water to the skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.
In children, hyaluronic acid is bound to collagen, but as we get older, that bond breaks down and the acid separates from the collagen.
A recent study by Shainhouse found that topical serums containing hyaluronic acid might temporarily bind water in the skin’s surface layers, making skin look more hydrated. The appearance of fine wrinkles might be temporarily reduced thanks to this treatment as well.
Vitamin B5, which is often included in hydrating serums, aids in skin hydration and hence gives the appearance of smoother, more moisturized skin.
The following hydrating serums come highly recommended:
- HA5 Rejuvenating Hydrator by SkinMedica
- The Hydro Boost Hydrating Serum from Neutrogena
Serums that combat free radicals
Free radicals, which may harm good skin, are combated by antioxidants.
Choose a serum with antioxidants like vitamins C, A, and E and resveratrol to help protect your skin from free radical damage.
Serums that combat free radicals we recommend include:
- C E Ferulic Serum by SkinCeuticals
- Anti-Pollution Drops by Drunk Elephant D-Bronzi
Serums for sensitive and acne-prone skin.
Salicylic acid and other plant-based derivatives are often included in anti-acne serums.
If your skin is particularly sensitive, search for products containing niacinamide (a type of vitamin B3) and other active ingredients to help reduce inflammation and soothe the skin.
Serums for sensitive and acne-prone skin we recommend include:
- Paula’s Choice 10% Niacinamide Booster
- The Ordinary 10% Zinc and 1% Niacinamide
Texture enhancing serums
Shainhouse suggests using a glycolic acid serum to improve the texture and look of your skin.
Breakdown of intercellular bonds may be achieved by using this sugarcane-derived alpha hydroxy acid. According to the dermatologist, it may also help remove dullness and discoloration from the skin’s surface in order to expose “smooth and luminous skin with a more uniform texture and tone and color.”
Texture enhancing serums that we recommend include:
- Revitalift by L’Oreal Paris contains 10% pure glycolic acid.
- Triple Action Serum with NO7 Lift & Luminance
A serum’s usage is explained.
Using a face serum as a foundation layer beneath heavier products like moisturizer, sunscreen, and makeup is recommended by Shainhouse.
With the exception of a mild cleanser and a broad-spectrum sunscreen, youthful skin doesn’t need much more than these two products.”
In addition, “this may help prevent discolouration, oxidative damage, dryness, and premature skin aging and wrinkles,” she said.
After cleaning and toning your skin, use a face serum once or twice daily. Consider it the next step after you’ve cleaned.
Applying a serum to your face on a regular basis depends on your skin’s needs. To assist you select when to apply face serum to your skin, Palm offers the following advice.
Use of a facial serum on a regular basis
In order to get the most benefit from anti-pigmentation and antioxidant serums, use them first thing in the morning. You may use this to protect your skin against environmental assaults and light-induced free radical generation.
To get the finest results from anti-aging serums, use them at night. To aid in skin healing and turnover, the chemicals in this product may sync with your body’s circadian cycle.
Applying hydrating serums twice day to dry skin will help maintain it glossy and hydrated.
Shainhouse advises the following recommendations for getting the most out of a face serum:
From the thinnest to the thickest layer, apply your skin care products. After washing your face with a gentle cleanser, serums perform best when applied as the initial layer to freshly cleansed skin in this manner.
You may generate a buffering effect by applying the active component over another product if it is too irritating or drying.
Lightweight face serums offer a large amount of active ingredients, making them ideal for use on the face. They’re a great second step after cleaning since they’re so fast to sink into your skin.
Serums come in a variety of forms, each with a specific function and constituent list. While some serums work to brighten and minimize the appearance of imperfections, others aim to increase moisture or combat the effects of aging.
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